Packet Switching Network is one of two fundamental architectures for the design of a computer network; the other is a circuit- switching network. In a network such as the Internet, no effort is made to establish a single electrical circuit between two computing devices; for this reason, the connection established is often called connectionless. Instead, the sending computer divides a message into several efficiently sized units called packets, each of which contains the address of the destination computer.
These packets are dumped onto the network. These devices called routers, which read each packet’s destination address and, based on that information, send the packets in the appropriate direction. Eventually, the packets arrive at their intended destination, although some may have traveled by different physical paths. The receiving computer assembles the packets, puts them in order, and delivers the received message to the appropriate application. The Internet uses a packet-switching protocol called IP. See circuit-switching network, Internet, packet, router, TCP/IP.
Technipages Explains Packet-Switching Network
Packet switching Network is the building block of the internet; they are digital structures for sending data from a network to another in smaller bits called packets, this helps to reduce the time for transfer of files and also reduce delay in transmission.
When a data is transferred, a computer breaks down the file into packets to aid the transmission of the packets across the network which consumes less time, after the packets are received on the recipient computer, they are then reassembled.
The network IP address is recorded in a “header,” the header contains the network IP address of where the packet was sent from and also its destination network IP address. A header also keeps track of the number of packets a file was broken. After which the packets is relayed to a router machine, a router works out the best connection for a packet. On arrival, with the help of the header, the packets are reassembled. The breaking of the data into packets allows for it to be accessible to all the users in a network.
Common Uses of Packet-Switching Network
- The success and the benefits of using the internet are all hinged on the Packet Switching Network
- Packet switching network breaks down data at; they origin computer and re-assembles them at the period destination
- A router helps the packet switching network to relay packet between computers
Common Misuses of Packet-Switching Network
- When a packet switching network breaks data into packets, it is mostly not accessible by members of the same network.
- A packet switching network takes more time to be completed